Fritz Ascher was born in Berlin, on October 17, 1893, the son of the dental surgeon and businessman Dr. Hugo Ascher (born Neugard July 27, 1859 – died August 18, 1922 Berlin) and Minna Luise Ascher (born Schneider; Berlin, January 17, 1867 – died October 17, 1938). His sisters Charlotte Hedwig and Margarete Lilly (Grete) were born October 8, 1894 and June 11, 1897. Hugo Ascher converted his three children to Protestantism in 1901, his wife remains Jewish. Hugo Ascher’s business was successful, and in 1909 the family moves into a villa in Niklasstraße 21-23 in Berlin-Zehlendorf, built by the prominent architect Professor Paul Schultze-Naumburg.
Recommended by Max Liebermann, Fritz Ascher studied at the Art Academy Königsberg, where it’s dean Ludwig Dettmann, co-founder of the Berlin Secession, had hired dynamic teachers who emphasized the value of a solid, practical education. Among others, the artist befriended Eduard Bischoff, who painted a portrait of him in 1912. In Berlin, Ascher studied with Lovis Corinth, Adolf Meier, and Kurt Agthe.